From the Division of Research and Optimal Patient Care, American College of Surgeons (Shah, Knapp, Cohen, Ko)
Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH (Shah, Brethauer)
Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA (Wick)
Department of Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA (Ko).
Received December 12, 2022; Accepted December 13, 2022.
Disclosure Information: Nothing to disclose.
Support: This work was supported by funding from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and Department of Health and Human Services (HHS contract: HHSP233201500020I). Ms Knapp is supported by funding from the US Department of Health and Human Services and is employed by the American College of Surgeons, subcontracted under Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery contract with the AHRQ. Dr Wick is supported by funding from the NIH.
Presented at the Southern Surgical Association 134th Annual Meeting, Palm Beach, FL, December 2022.
Correspondence address: Tejen A Shah, MD, 395 W 10th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210. email [email protected]