From the Surgical Outcomes and Applied Research Program (Bronsert, Henderson, Colborn, Dyas, Madsen, Zhuang, Lambert-Kerzner, Meguid), University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO
Adult and Child Center for Health Outcomes Research and Delivery Science (Bronsert, Henderson, Lambert-Kerzner, Meguid), University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO
Department of Surgery (Colborn, Dyas, Madsen, Zhuang, Meguid), University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO
the Department of Biostatistics and Informatics, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, CO (Henderson, Colborn, Zhuang, Meguid).
Received July 1, 2022; Revised August 19, 2022; Accepted September 1, 2022.
Disclosure Information: Nothing to disclose.
Disclosures outside the scope of this work: Dr Meguid is a paid consultant to Medtronic. Other authors have nothing to disclose.
Support: This work was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality grant R01HS027417.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The American College of Surgeons NSQIP and participating hospitals are the source of these data; the American College of Surgeons has not verified and is not responsible for the statistical validity of the data analysis or the conclusions derived by the authors.
Presented at the American College of Surgeons 108th Annual Clinical Congress, Scientific Forum, San Diego, CA, October 2022.
Correspondence address: Michael R Bronsert, PhD, MS, University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, 1890 North Revere Court, F443, Aurora, CO 80045, email: [email protected]