aSchool of Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
bDepartment of Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
cDepartment of Quality and Patient Safety, Minnesota Hospital Association, St Paul, MN
dDepartment of Psychiatry, Duke University Health System, Durham, NC
Correspondence address: Martin A Makary, MD, MPH, FACS, Halsted 610, 600 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21231.
E-mail: [email protected]
Submitted August 26, 2015; revised November 2, 2015; accepted November 3, 2015.
Disclosure Information: This research study at Johns Hopkins was supported by Mr and Mrs John Rodda and The Rodda Family Partnership, LTD. The authors have nothing else to disclose.
Presented at the 12th Annual American Medical Association Research Symposium, Dallas, TX, November 2014.