aDivision of Research and Optimal Patient Care, American College of Surgeons, Chicago, IL
bDepartment of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL
cJesse Brown VA Medical Center, Chicago, IL
dDepartment of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH
eUniversity of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI
fUniversity of Florida, Gainesville, FL
gJohn Cochran Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Department of Surgery, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO; Department of Surgery, Barnes Jewish Hospital; Center for Health Policy and the Olin Business School at Washington University in St Louis, St Louis
hDepartment of Surgery, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine and the VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, CA
Correspondence address: Mehul V Raval, MD, American College of Surgeons, 633 N Saint Clair St, 22nd Floor, Chicago, IL 60611-3211
E-mail: [email protected]
Submitted August 20, 2010; revised November 20, 2010; accepted December 14, 2010.
Disclosure Information: Nothing to disclose.
Drs Raval and Ingraham participate in the American College of Surgeons Clinical Scholars in Residence Program. Dr Raval is supported by the John Gray Research Fellowship and the Daniel F and Ada L Rice Foundation. Dr Bentrem is supported by a career development award from the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development Service. Dr Hall assists with the conduct of the ACS NSQIP nationally.