To determine whether interobserver
technical variations and errors in the measurement
of compartment pressures may affect measurement accuracy
Four above-knee cadaveric specimens were used to create a consistent model of lower leg compartment syndrome
. Thirty-eight physicians examined the limbs and measured 4 compartment pressures using the Intra-Compartmental Pressure Monitor (Stryker Orthopaedics). They were observed for correct assembly and use of the monitor. Measurements obtained were compared with known pressures.
Of the total number of compartment measurements, 31% were made using the correct technique, 39% were made with lesser errors in technique, and 30% were made with catastrophic errors. Only 60% of measurements made with the correct technique were within 5 mm Hg of the standard pressure. Accuracy
dropped to 42% for measurements taken with small errors in technique and 22% when a catastrophic error was committed.
Variations in use of a commercially available pressure monitor exist, and errors are common. Proper use improved accuracy
, but even with proper technique, 40% of the measurements were >5 mm Hg from the actual pressure. Based on our data, measurement accuracy
with this device should be questioned and viewed within a range. Regular review and education of technique is strongly recommended.