To determine how timing of surgery affects transfusion, major complications, and mortality in patients who sustain a geriatric hip fracture while taking dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; typically aspirin and clopidogrel).
Retrospective cohort study.
University-affiliated Level 1 Trauma Center.
Patients 65 years of age or older on DAPT with a geriatric hip fracture were investigated at a single institution between 2002 and 2017. Demographic and perioperative data were collected from patient records, institutional databases, and national hip fracture registry.
Fixation or arthroplasty.
Main Outcome Measurement:
Transfusion, major complications, and 30-day mortality.
Of the 6724 patients sustaining a geriatric hip fracture, 122 patients were taking DAPT on admission. Timing of surgery did not influence transfused units (incidence rate ratio 1.00, 95% confidence interval: 0.87–1.15, P = 0.968) but did affect major complications (time modeled as quadratic term; odds ratios ranging from 0.20 to 7.91, ptime = 0.001, ptime*time<0.001) and 30-day mortality (odds ratio 1.32, 95% confidence interval: 1.03–1.68, P = 0.030).
Surgical delay does not change the need for transfusion of hip fracture patients on DAPT, but it is associated with increased probabilities of major complications and 30-day mortality.
Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.