To report the clinical result of a series of patients who underwent acetabular fracture fixation using a Kocher–Langenbeck approach without a specialty traction table.
Retrospective case series.
Level 1 trauma center.
All patients who sustained posterior wall or posterior wall associated acetabular fractures that were treated operatively with a Kocher–Langenbeck approach over a 5-year period.
Surgical fixation of acetabular fractures using a flat, radiolucent table.
Main Outcome Measurements:
Outcomes included reduction quality and complications such as infection, heterotopic ossification, loss of reduction or fixation, medical complications, and neurologic injury.
We identified 172 patients. No articular malreductions of greater than 2 mm were noted on postoperative CT scans. There were 13 surgical complications observed (8.1%). There was 1 death in our cohort (0.6%), and 3 patients had nonfatal pulmonary emboli (1.9%). There were no nerve injuries observed. There were 6 acute infections (3.1%) requiring surgical intervention. Three patients had symptomatic heterotopic bone that required excision (1.9%). Four patients (2.5%) required eventual total hip arthroplasty.
Overall, we report on the largest cohort in the literature undergoing a prone Kocher–Langenbeck without a specialty table for acetabular fracture fixation. We found that limited extremity prepping and draping for a prone Kocher–Langenbeck on a flat, radiolucent table did not result in an increased rate of postoperative neurological complications or malreductions of acetabular fractures.
Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.