The goal of this survey
was to determine the current surgeon-preferred anterior surgical approach for the treatment of acetabular fractures in North America.
Participants: Orthopaedic Trauma Association
Active members of the OTA were solicited to participate in an OTA-sponsored survey
asking for their preferred standard anterior surgical approach to the acetabulum, along with some general demographic data. The approach choices were: the classic ilioinguinal as described by Letournel, a modified ilioinguinal, the modified Stoppa (Anterior Intrapelvic) with or without a lateral window, the pararectus, and an alternative to be specified by the survey
Of the 675 total active OTA membership, 214 (32%) satisfactorily completed the survey
. Of the 214 active members, only 32 (15%) prefer the classic ilioinguinal approach
and 60 (28%) prefer some type of modified ilioinguinal approach
. More than half of the active member respondents (121; 56.5%) prefer the modified Stoppa approach. Statistical analysis of the respondents' demographic data revealed only years in practice to be significantly different among treatment options (P
< 0.01) with those with the least time in practice preferring the modified Stoppa.
It seems that the modified Stoppa has become the preferred anterior acetabular fracture surgical approach in North America, being especially favored by those more recently in practice. The exact reasons for this change cannot be determined from this survey
and are most likely multifactorial. However, training experience may play an important role.