To determine whether intraoperative liposomal bupivacaine reduces postoperative opioid requirements, pain scores, and length of stay (LOS) in patients with fragility intertrochanteric femur fractures in comparison with a group of patients who did not receive liposomal bupivacaine.
Retrospective observational study.
Two academic medical centers.
One hundred two patients with intertrochanteric hip fracture treated with a cephalomedullary nail implant.
Nonrandomized administration of liposomal bupivacaine in 2 cohorts of patients with similar injuries and treatment.
Main Outcome Measurements:
Postoperative oral average morphine equivalents (MME) and average numerical pain rating score (NRS). Secondary endpoints included postoperative LOS, operative time, and home discharge.
Forty-six patients received intraoperative liposomal bupivacaine and 56 patients did not. There was no significant difference between age, sex, and American Society of Anesthesiologist level between groups (P > 0.05). The liposomal bupivacaine group received significantly less MME (0.34 vs. 0.92 mg/h/kg, P = 0.04) and had significantly lower NRS (2.89 vs. 5.13, P = 0.04) in the first 24 hours after surgery. MME (1.18 vs. 1.37 mg/h/kg, P = 0.27) and NRS (3.61 vs. 5.51, P = 0.34) were similar at the 36-hour mark. The liposomal bupivacaine group had similar LOS (3.2 days vs. 3.8, P = 0.08), more home discharges (7 vs. 2, P = 0.001), and longer operative time (73.4 vs. 67.2 minutes, P = 0.004).
Intraoperative liposomal bupivacaine use reduced opioid use and postoperative pain for the first 24 hours after fixation of intertrochanteric femur fractures. Significant increases in likelihood of discharge to home may present an opportunity for cost savings.
Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.