To report on the final displacement after in situ percutaneous pinning for Garden type 1 and 2 fractures in height, femoral neck fracture collapse, and loss of offset.
Retrospectively reviewed case series.
Three Academic Medical Centers. Boston University Medical Center (Level 1 Trauma Center), Lahey Hospital and Medical Center (Level 2 Trauma Center), and Geisinger Medical Center (level 2 Trauma Center).
One hundred thirty skeletally mature patients with 130 fractures (78 garden 1 and 52 garden 2) who were treated between January 2000 and January 2014 at participating hospitals with percutaneous pinning with a cannulated screw system to successful union after sustaining an intracapsular femoral neck fracture without complete displacement.
In situ percutaneous pinning with 3 cannulated, partially threaded screws in an inverted triangle orientation.
Femoral neck fracture collapse (mm), femoral height shortening (mm), and femoral offset shortening (mm).
A total of 130 patients (81F, 49M), average age 72 years, sustained 78 Garden 1 and 52 Garden 2 femoral neck fractures. Maximal collapse occurred in the plane of the femoral neck. Thirty-three of 78 (42%) Garden 1 fractures and 33/52 (63%) Garden 2 fractures demonstrated >10 mm fracture collapse. The range of displacements was 0–39 mm as measured along the plane of the femoral neck.
Garden 1 fractures collapse less frequently than Garden 2 fractures, but both have high rates of fracture collapse when treated to union with in situ percutaneous pin fixation.
Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
*Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA;
†Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lahey Medical Center, Burlington, MA; and
‡Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Geisinger Health Systems, Danville, PA.
Reprints: David Freccero, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, 850 Harrison Avenue, Dowling 2N, Boston, MA 02118 (e-mail: David.Freccero@bmc.org).
The authors report no conflict of interest.
Accepted October 09, 2018