Opioid Use Disorders Are Associated With Perioperative Morbidity and Mortality in the Hip Fracture Population : Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma

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Original Article

Opioid Use Disorders Are Associated With Perioperative Morbidity and Mortality in the Hip Fracture Population

Summers, Spencer MD*; Grau, Luis MD*; Massel, Dustin BS*; Rosas, Samuel MD*; Ong, Alvin MD; Hernandez, Victor Hugo MD, MS*

Author Information
Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 32(5):p 238-244, May 2018. | DOI: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001118



To determine whether opioid use disorders (OUDs) are associated with adverse perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing surgical fixation for proximal femur fractures.


The National Hospital Discharge Survey was queried to identify patients surgically treated for proximal femur fractures between 1990 and 2007. Patients were grouped into those with a diagnosis of OUD, nonopioid drug use disorder, or neither. Demographic information and comorbidities were included in univariable and multivariable analyses to identify independent risk factors for perioperative outcomes.


A total of 8154 patients with a diagnosis of drug use disorder and 4704 patients with a diagnosis of OUD were identified from a cohort of 4,732,165 surgically treated proximal femur fractures. Patients with OUD were significantly younger (46 vs. 79), and a significantly smaller proportion of them had medical comorbidities (21.9% vs. 60.2%) when compared with the no drug misuse cohort. Patients with OUD had significantly more medical complications (51.1% vs. 26.8%), mechanical complications (3% vs. 0.3%), and adverse events (55% vs. 39.7%) when compared with the no drug misuse group. OUD had higher odds for leaving against medical advice [odds ratio (OR) 12.868, range 10.7771–15.375], for any adverse event (OR 4.107, range 3.869–4.360), and for mortality (OR 1.744, range 1.250–2.433) when compared with nondrug misusers.


Despite being younger and with significantly less medical comorbidities, patients with OUD have higher odds for adverse events, leaving against medical advice, and mortality after surgical treatment of a hip fracture.

Level of Evidence: 

Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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