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Orthogeriatric Care Models and Outcomes in Hip Fracture Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Grigoryan, Konstantin V. MS*; Javedan, Houman MD; Rudolph, James L. MD, SM†,‡

Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma: March 2014 - Volume 28 - Issue 3 - p e49–e55
doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e3182a5a045
Review Article

Objectives: Hip fractures are common, morbid, and costly health events that threaten independence and function of older patients. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine if orthogeriatric collaboration models improve outcomes.

Data sources: Articles in English and Spanish languages were searched in the electronic databases including MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), EMBASE, and the Cochrane Registry from 1992 to 2012.

Study selection: Studies were included if they described an inpatient multidisciplinary approach to hip fracture management involving an orthopaedic surgeon and a geriatrician. Studies were grouped into 3 following categories: routine geriatric consultation, geriatric ward with orthopaedic consultation, and shared care. After independent review of 1480 citations by 2 authors, 18 studies (9094 patients) were identified as meeting the inclusion criteria.

Data extraction: In-hospital mortality, length of stay, and long-term mortality outcomes were collected.

Data synthesis: A random effects model meta-analysis determined whether orthogeriatric collaboration was associated with improved outcomes. The overall meta-analysis found that orthogeriatric collaboration was associated with a significant reduction of in-hospital mortality [relative risk 0.60; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.43–0.84) and long-term mortality (relative risk 0.83; 95% CI, 0.74–0.94). Length of stay (standardized mean difference −0.25; 95% CI, −0.44 to −0.05) was significantly reduced, particularly in the shared care model (standardized mean difference −0.61; 95% CI, −0.95 to −0.28), but heterogeneity limited this interpretation. Other variables such as time to surgery, delirium, and functional status were measured infrequently.

Conclusions: This meta-analysis supports orthogeriatric collaboration to improve mortality after hip repair. Further study is needed to determine the best model of orthogeriatric collaboration and if these partnerships improve functional outcomes.

*University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH;

Division of Aging, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA; and

Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA.

Reprints: James L. Rudolph MD, SM, VA Boston Healthcare System GRECC, 150 S. Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130 (e-mail:

Support for this research was made possible through NIH grant #: 1T35AG038027-02. Dr J. L. Rudolph is supported by a VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Career Development Award.

Presented in part at the American Geriatric Society Meeting, May 3, 2013, Grapevine, TX.

Dr H. Javedan works for an orthogeriatric comanagement service at Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA. The remaining authors report no conflicts of interest.

Accepted July 17, 2013

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins