This study was performed to explore the relationship between entry point
-related soft tissue damage in antegrade femoral nailing and the functional outcome in patients with a proximal third femoral shaft fracture
Retrospective clinical trial.
Level I university trauma center.
Seventeen patients with a high femoral shaft fracture
treated with an antegrade femoral nail joined the study.
Nine patients with an Unreamed Femoral Nail (UFN
; Synthes, Bettlach, Switzerland) inserted at the trochanteric fossa
and eight patients with a long Proximal Femoral Nail (PFN; Synthes) inserted at the tip of the greater trochanter
Main Outcome Measurements:
Pain, gait, nerve, and muscle function along with endurance.
Five patients with a UFN
had a positive Trendelenburg sign and a reinnervated superior gluteal nerve after initial injury of the nerve at operation. None of these findings occurred in the long PFN
= 0.01). Isokinetic measurements showed diminished abduction as well as external rotator function in the UFN
group rather than in the long PFN
group. Leg endurance was significantly lower in patients with a UFN
Compared with the trochanteric fossa
, femoral nailing through the greater trochanter
tip may decrease the risk of damage to the superior gluteal nerve and intraoperative damage to the muscular apparatus of the hip region, resulting in some improved muscle function. Therefore, a lateral entry point
may be a rational alternative for conventional nailing through the trochanteric fossa