As health care providers, physical therapists are also health educators and health promoters. The Guide to Physical Therapist Practice supports a practice that includes health promotion, education, and wellness, yet this is not reflected in many physical therapy settings. The purpose of this paper is to increase the practice of health promotion and disease prevention activities among physical therapy clinicians through patient education. Concepts of health promotion and disease prevention are presented, including specific health objectives from Healthy People 2010. A model of health behavior change, the Transtheoretical Model of Change, is used to assist clinicians in helping patients change risk behaviors. Methods of assessing and managing risk are explored. Emphasis is placed on specific guidelines for improving nutrition and physical activity, smoking cessation, and preventing falls.