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Schizotypy in Adolescence: The Role of Gender and Age

Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo MA; Lemos-Giráldez, Serafín PhD; Muñiz, José PhD; García-Cueto, Eduardo PhD; Campillo-Álvarez, Ángela MA

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: February 2008 - Volume 196 - Issue 2 - p 161-165
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e318162aa79
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Schizotypy is a multidimensional personality construct that appears to indicate psychosis proneness. Supposedly, schizotypal traits behave differently depending on a person's age and gender, but few studies have examined this relationship. In our study we used the Thinking and Perceptual Style Questionnaire and the Junior Schizotypy Scales. The sample was made up of 321 students (169 males) with an age range of 12 to 17 years. The results show significant differences in gender and age groups. Males score higher than females on Physical Anhedonia, Social Anhedonia, and Impulsive Non-Conformity scales, while females score higher or Positive Symptoms, Negative Evaluation, and Social Paranoia scales. Significant differences were also found among age groups: Unusual experiences, self-referent ideation, social paranoia, thought disorder, and negative evaluation were more frequent in later stages of adolescence. However, the meaning of this difference could be interpreted in terms of emotional turbulence rather than as a direct indicator of vulnerability to psychosis.

Facultad de Psicologia, Universidad de Oviedo, Spain.

Supported by grants provided from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (BES2006-12797, SEJ2005-08924, SEJ2005-08357) and the Principality of Asturias (IB05-02, COF05-005).

Send reprint requests to Serafín Lemos-Giráldez, PhD, Department of Psychology, Plaza Feijoo, s/n, Oviedo 33003, Spain. E-mail: slemos@uniovi.es.

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.