COVIDUncertainty, Stress, and Resilience During the COVID-19 Pandemic in GreeceNikopoulou, Vasiliki A. MSc; Gliatas, Ioannis MD; Blekas, Apostolos MD; Parlapani, Eleni MD, PhD; Holeva, Vasiliki PhD; Tsipropoulou, Virginia MD, PhD; Karamouzi, Panayiota MSc; Godosidis, Athanasios MD; Diakogiannis, Ioannis MD, PhD Author Information 1st Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Send reprint requests to Vasiliki Holeva, PhD, 1st Department of Psychiatry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, General Hospital “Papageorgiou,” Ring Rd Thessaloniki, N Efkarpia, 54603 Thessaloniki, Greece. E-mail: [email protected]. Vasiliki A. Nikopoulou and Ioannis Gliatas contributed equally to this work. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 210(4):p 249-256, April 2022. | DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001491 Buy Metrics Abstract The COVID-19 outbreak imposed stress worldwide, as daily routine changed almost overnight, with no time to prepare. A pandemic like this may trigger a chain reaction starting out as surprise, continuing to uncertainty and ending up either in adaptation or in symptoms of fear, anxiety, and/or depression. Resilience on the other hand could lessen anxiety and prove to be a prophylactic coping mechanism against distress. This study explored peritraumatic distress, intolerance of uncertainty (IU), and resilient coping in a sample of 2717 adults who voluntarily and anonymously participated in an online survey conducted in April 2020, in Greece. Results indicated a moderate pandemic-related mental burden and medium resilient coping and designated IU as a significant positive predictor of peritraumatic distress; resilient coping proved to be a significant moderator that alters the strength of the association between IU and distress reactions. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.