Original ArticleAnxiety Sensitivity Among Trauma-Exposed Non-Hispanic Black Adults Relations to Posttraumatic StressZvolensky, Michael J. PhD∗,†,‡; Shepherd, Justin M. MA∗; Clausen, Bryce K. BS∗; Kabel, Katherine E. BS∗; Kauffman, Brooke Y. PhD∗; Garey, Lorra PhD∗; McGrew, Shelby J. BS∗; Vujanovic, Anka A. PhD∗ Author Information ∗Department of Psychology, University of Houston †Department of Behavioral Science, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center ‡HEALTH Institute, University of Houston, Houston, Texas. Send reprint requests to Michael J. Zvolensky, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Room 126, 3695 Cullen Blvd, Houston, TX 77204. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: October 17, 2022 - Volume - Issue - 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001609 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001609 Buy PAP Metrics Abstract The non-Hispanic Black population experiences trauma-related disparities. One potentially important individual difference construct for posttraumatic stress is anxiety sensitivity. There is limited work on anxiety sensitivity among non-Hispanic Black persons, and no research has focused on this construct in terms of posttraumatic stress among this population. This study sought to build on this limited knowledge by exploring whether this construct was uniquely associated with more severe posttraumatic stress among this population. Participants included non-Hispanic Black trauma-exposed adults (N = 121; Mage = 21.79 years). Results indicated that anxiety sensitivity was related to more severe overall posttraumatic stress and greater severity of each posttraumatic stress symptom cluster; all effects were evident after adjusting for the variance accounted for by age, sex, education, subjective social status, neuroticism, and number of traumatic event types experienced (lifetime). The study provides the first empirical evidence that, among a trauma-exposed non-Hispanic Black sample of adults, anxiety sensitivity is related to more severe posttraumatic stress symptoms. This intraindividual difference factor could be a focus of intervention programming for this trauma disparity population. Copyright © 2022 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.