Review ArticleThe Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques for the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders A Narrative Review of EvidenceZamboni, Lorenzo PsyD∗,†; Centoni, Francesco PsyD∗; Fusina, Francesca PsyD‡,§; Mantovani, Elisa PsyD†; Rubino, Francesca PsyD∗; Lugoboni, Fabio MD∗; Federico, Angela PsyD∗,†Author Information ∗Department of Medicine, Addiction Medicine Unit, Verona University Hospital †Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine, and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona ‡Department of General Psychology §Padova Neuroscience Center, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. Send reprint requests to Lorenzo Zamboni, PsyD, Department of Medicine, Addiction Medicine Unit, Verona University Hospital, L.A. Scuro 10, Verona, Italy. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: November 2021 - Volume 209 - Issue 11 - p 835-845 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001381 Buy Metrics Abstract Substance use disorders (SUDs) are characterized by a recurrent and maladaptive use of drugs and/or alcohol. Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) comprise different types of interventions: traditional CBT and the more recent “third wave” behavior therapies, such as acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), and schema therapy (ST). We searched English-language articles published between 2014 and present. This review includes randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs, pilot studies, and reviews of CBTs for SUDs available on PubMed. Results seem to indicate that CBT and MBCT are effective interventions for SUDs; however, the studies showed a high degree of heterogeneity, so no exhaustive conclusions could be outlined at this time. ACT and DBT in SUD management are limited to few studies and results are therefore inconclusive. Copyright © 2021 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.