Original ArticlesPsychiatric Morbidity and Personality Characteristics of Detained Adolescents With Delinquent Behavior A Cross-Sectional Analytical StudyNasreldin, Mohamed MD; Gohar, Sherif M. MD; Abdel Samie, Mai MD; Madbouly, Nagwan MD Author Information Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Send reprint requests to Nagwan Madbouly, MD, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, 7 New Club Street, New Maadi, Cairo 11966, Egypt. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: December 2020 - Volume 208 - Issue 12 - p 989-996 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001244 Buy Metrics Abstract The current study was undertaken with the aim of assessing the psychopathological symptoms, personality profile, and hostility in detained adolescents with delinquent behavior. A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out on 50 admitted adolescent delinquents in correctional institutes in the Greater Cairo region of Egypt. Results for delinquent adolescents were compared with age-equivalent adolescents with no history of delinquency. Both groups were subjected to the Adolescent and Adult Psychological State Inventory, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Locus of Control scale, and the Hostility and Direction of Hostility Questionnaire (HDHQ). Results concluded that adolescents with delinquent behavior displayed increased rates of psychiatric disorders over the comparative group. Significantly higher scores on the psychoticism, neuroticism, extraversion, and psychopathic deviation subscales and the Locus of Control scale were evident among the adolescent delinquent group compared with their nondelinquent peers. The delinquent group obtained, in general, higher overall scores on the HDHQ questionnaire when compared with the nondelinquent adolescents, while also obtaining higher scores on the paranoid hostility subscale of HDHQ. Acting out hostility scores correlated positively with neuroticism and psychoticism in delinquents. Psychiatric morbidity, extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, and increased hostility were found to contribute as major psychosocial factors underlying the psychopathology in detained juvenile delinquents. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.