Original ArticlesSociodemographic Characteristics Associated With Speech and Language Delay and DisordersUzun Çiçek, Ayla MD*; Akdag, Emrah PsyD†; Celebi Erdivanli, Ozlem MD‡Author Information *Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Sivas Departments of †Psychiatry ‡Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University, Rize, Turkey. Send reprint requests to Ayla Uzun Çiçek, MD, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cumhuriyet University, Yenisehir, Kayseri St, No. 43, Sivas 58140, Turkey. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Author contributions: The study was planned by A.U.C., E.A., and O.C.E. A.U.C. and E.A. performed language development assessments. A.U.C., E.A., and O.C.E. contributed to the collection, analysis, and interpretation of the data. A.U.C. and O.C.E. drafted the article and revised it. A.U.C. and O.C.E. gave the final approval of the version to be published. All authors reviewed the manuscript. Online date: January 13, 2020 The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: February 2020 - Volume 208 - Issue 2 - p 143-146 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001120 Buy Metrics Abstract The aim of this study was to identify major risk factors and sociodemographic characteristics responsible for speech and language delay/disorders. Two hundred twenty-eight children (aged 24–72 months) with speech and language delay/disorders participated in this study. The Ankara Developmental Screening Inventory and The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test were used to assess language profiles and developmental stages of children. Low income, nonattendance in preschool education, low maternal education, having two or more siblings, later birth order (order of siblings), family history of speech and language delay/disorders, preterm birth, low birth weight, and birth complications or the need for intensive care support during neonatal period were identified as risk factors (all p < 0.005). Both sociodemographic and biologic factors were associated with speech and language delay/disorders. Awareness of these factors may provide a chance for earlier diagnosis and intervention. Identification of risk factors of these children would contribute to our knowledge in this field. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.