Original ArticlesPharmacogenomic Testing in Psychiatry Ready for Primetime?Rakesh, Gopalkumar MD*; Sumner, Calvin R. MD†; Alexander, Jeanne Leventhal MD, ABPN, FRCPC, FAPA, FACPsych‡; Gross, Lawrence S. MD§; Pine, Janet MD§; Slaby, Andrew MD∥; Garakani, Amir MD¶,#; Baron, David MSEd, DO**Author Information *Department of Psychiatry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky †Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida ‡Private Practice, Psychoneuroendocrinology and Women's Health, Berkeley §Department of Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences, Keck School of Medicine of USC, Los Angeles, California ∥Department of Psychiatry, New York University Medical School ¶Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York #Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut **Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California. Send reprint requests to David Baron, MSEd, DO, Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA. E-mail: email@example.com. Online date: December 30, 2019 The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: February 2020 - Volume 208 - Issue 2 - p 127-130 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001107 Buy Metrics Abstract Pharmacogenomic testing in clinical psychiatry has grown at an accelerated pace in the last few years and is poised to grow even further. Despite robust evidence lacking regarding efficacy in clinical use, there continues to be growing interest to use it to make treatment decisions. We intend this article to be a primer for a clinician wishing to understand the biological bases, evidence for benefits, and pitfalls in clinical decision-making. Using clinical vignettes, we elucidate these headings in addition to providing a perspective on current relevance, what can be communicated to patients, and future research directions. Overall, the evidence for pharmacogenomic testing in psychiatry demonstrates strong analytical validity, modest clinical validity, and virtually no evidence to support clinical use. There is definitely a need for more double-blinded randomized controlled trials to assess the use of pharmacogenomic testing in clinical decision-making and care, and until this is done, they could perhaps have an adjunct role in clinical decision-making but minimal use in leading the initial treatment plan. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.