Original ArticlesIncreased Psychiatric Risk in Children After Pediatric Intensive Care Unit AdmissionRady, Hanaa I. MD*; Ismail, Omnia Raafat MD†; Abdelkader, Mohammed Safwat MBBCH*; Abdelgalil, Abobakr Abosree MD*Author Information Departments of *Pediatrics †Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Send reprint requests to Mohammed Safwat Abdelkader, MBBCH, 5, Gameat el Doual Al Arabia St, Giza, Egypt. E-mail: email@example.com. Online date: December 11, 2019 The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: February 2020 - Volume 208 - Issue 2 - p 147-151 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001123 Buy Metrics Abstract We aimed to assess psychiatric risk in children after admission to pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) and its association with greater psychiatric morbidity. We examined 130 children aged 6 to 13 years in a cross-sectional study divided into two groups: 65 children discharged from PICU and another 65 from general wards. The PICU group scored worse on all measured scales of psychiatric morbidities. The child-specific assessment methods included the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) scale as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, and Impact of Event Scale Revised for PTSD; Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale for anxiety; and Birleson Depression Scale for depression. The PICU group had significantly higher frequencies of PTSD compared with the general ward group (84.6% vs. 6.2%, respectively; p < 0.001). Hence, PICU survivors have higher risk of psychiatric morbidities such as PTSD, anxiety, and depression compared with general ward patients. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.