Review ArticleZolpidem-Associated Consequences An Updated Literature Review With Case ReportsWestermeyer, Joseph MD, MPH, PhD*,†; Carr, Tegan M. BS†Author Information *Addiction Recovery Service, Mental Health Service, Minneapolis VA Health Care Center †Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Send reprint requests to Joseph Westermeyer, MD, MPH, PhD, 1935 Summit Ave, St Paul, MN 55105. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: January 2020 - Volume 208 - Issue 1 - p 28–32 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001074 Buy Metrics Abstract A post-2000 literature search reviewed prevalence of health consequences associated with zolpidem, plus two salient case reports. Common zolpidem-related harms encompassed accidents, falls, overdoses, delirium, and infections. Risks to others included assaults, vehicular accidents, various crimes, and civil actions that occurred during zolpidem-induced delirium, withdrawal, and other impediments. Remarkably, much harm occurred while patients were taking therapeutic doses of licitly prescribed zolpidem (10–30 mg). Zolpidem-associated health, behavioral, and social problems comprise an international pandemic of preventable heath misfortunes. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.