Original ArticlesChildhood Trauma and Childhood Mental Disorder in Military and Employed Civilian MenSyed Sheriff, Rebecca MSc∗,†,‡; Van Hooff, Miranda PhD∗; Malhi, Gin MD§,∥,¶; Grace, Blair PhD#; McFarlane, Alexander MD∗Author Information ∗Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia †Institute of Mental Health, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom ‡Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand §Academic Department of Psychiatry, Northern Sydney Local Health District, St Leonards ∥Sydney Medical School Northern, University of Sydney, Sydney ¶CADE Clinic, Royal North Shore Hospital, Northern Sydney Local Health District, St Leonards #Department of Education and Child Development, Adelaide, Australia. Send reprint requests to Rebecca Syed Sheriff, MSc, Centre for Traumatic Stress Studies, University of Adelaide, Level 1, Helen Mayo North Bldg, 30 Frome Rd, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia. E-mail: [email protected]. Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal’s Web site (www.jonmd.com). The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: January 2020 - Volume 208 - Issue 1 - p 13-20 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001072 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract We aimed to retrospectively investigate childhood trauma and childhood mental disorder in military and employed civilian men aged 18 to 54 years. Data, derived from the 2010 Australian Defence Force (ADF) Mental Health Prevalence and Wellbeing Study and the 2007 Australian Bureau of Statistics National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing Study, were analyzed and compared using direct age standardization and logistic regression. A greater proportion of ADF reported childhood trauma, multiple trauma types, trauma onset below 12 years of age, and interpersonal trauma than civilian employed men. A greater proportion of ADF reported childhood noninterpersonal trauma, such as accidents, than civilian employed men, with a marked difference in those aged 45 to 54 years. In both populations, childhood disorder was associated with childhood trauma; however, childhood depression was not associated with childhood noninterpersonal trauma in either population. A deeper understanding of the longer-term risk and resilience conferred by different childhood trauma profiles is needed. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.