Original ArticlesMental Health Literacy Among Chinese Rural Residents A Survey From Hubei Province in Central China on People's Perception of Mental IllnessesLi, Fenglan PhD∗; Li, Shengnan MA†; Zhou, Chunxiao MA‡; Wang, Fei MA§Author Information ∗College of Marxism, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, China †University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas ‡College of Economics and Management §College of Foreign Language, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Send reprint requests to Shengnan Li, MA, Department of Educational Psychology, Joseph R. Pearson Hall, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: October 2019 - Volume 207 - Issue 10 - p 875-883 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001043 Buy Metrics Abstract A survey was carried among 412 participants to examine mental health literacy in rural China. Two vignettes depicting schizophrenia and depression were presented, and participants were asked to reflect on their recognition and the beliefs about the causes, consequences, and the treatments of the conditions described. Results show that the recognition rates for schizophrenia and depression were 76.9% and 67.7%, respectively. Participants believed work stress, life stress, and encountered frustration were the most important reasons for mental illnesses. Participants believed that mental illnesses could cause many severe consequences to patients, such as emotional pain, bringing pain to the family, deterioration of interpersonal relationships, and destroying the individual's life. The participants were more likely to recommend nonmedical treatment for the patients in the two vignettes. Participants having a higher educational level were more likely to be aware of the consequences of the mental illnesses, and they also had a more positive attitude toward seeking professional help. Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.