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Evaluating the Indirect Effects of Trait Mindfulness Facets on State Tripartite Components Through State Rumination and State Experiential Avoidance

Parsons, E. Marie, MA; Dreyer-Oren, Sarah E., BA; Magee, Joshua C., PhD; Clerkin, Elise M., PhD

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: June 2019 - Volume 207 - Issue 6 - p 440–450
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000993
Original Articles

The present study investigated whether specific trait mindfulness facets indirectly influenced state negative affect (NA), positive affect (PA), and physiological hyperarousal (PH) through state rumination and state experiential avoidance. Participants (n = 360, 68% female) rated trait mindfulness facets, then completed an interview task about life experiences intended to elicit state NA, PA, and PH. After the interview task, participants completed measures of state NA, PA, and PH, and state measures of rumination and experiential avoidance. Indirect effect results indicated that the relationships between Nonjudge, Nonreact, and Describe, and each of the state tripartite components indirectly flowed through state rumination. Further, there was a significant indirect effect of Nonjudge and Actaware on each of the three state tripartite components through experiential avoidance. Overall, strengthening the mindfulness skills of Nonjudge, Nonreact, Describe, and Actaware may have positive downstream effects via reducing reliance on maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, such as rumination or experiential avoidance.

Department of Psychology, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

Send reprint requests to E. Marie Parsons, MA, Department of Psychology, Miami University, 90 N Patterson Ave, Oxford, OH 45056. E-mail:

Online date: May 3, 2019

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