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Validation of the Recovery Style Questionnaire in Outpatients With Affective Disorders

Zanello, Adriano, MA*; Berthoud, Laurent, PhD; Sentissi, Othman, MD, PhD*

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: May 2019 - Volume 207 - Issue 5 - p 400–405
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000984
Original Articles

Considering how patients recover from mental illness is crucial to offer appropriate therapeutic interventions. This study was designed to determine the psychometric characteristics of the Recovery Style Questionnaire (RSQ) in a sample of outpatients recruited among the referrals to a crisis intervention center presenting with mood or anxiety disorders. Assessments completed at intake and at discharge examined the recovery styles with the RSQ, psychiatric symptoms with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale version 4.0, and the Symptom Checklist–Revised; defense mechanisms with the Defense Style Questionnaire 40 items; and global functioning with the Global Assessment Functioning. The RSQ has acceptable reliability, divergent validity, and sensitivity to change after treatment. These findings suggest that the RSQ is a valid and reliable instrument to assess recovery style. They also offer evidence of the usefulness of the RSQ in various clinical settings, such as in crisis intervention centers.

*Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva; and

Department of Psychology, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.

Send reprint requests to Adriano Zanello, MA, HUG Département de Santé Mentale et de Psychiatrie, Belle-Idée, Unité des Tilleuls, Ch. du Petit-Bel-Air 2, 1226 Thônex, Switzerland. E-mail:

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