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Impact of Sleep Disorders and Other Factors on the Quality of Life in General Population

A Cross-Sectional Study

Hallit, Souheil, PharmD, MSc, MPH, PhD*†; Hajj, Aline, PharmD, PhD‡§; Sacre, Hala, PharmD†∥; Al Karaki, Gloria, MD*; Malaeb, Diana, PharmD, MPH¶#; Kheir, Nelly, MSc**; Salameh, Pascale, PharmD, MPH, PhD†††‡‡; Hallit, Rabih, MD*

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: May 2019 - Volume 207 - Issue 5 - p 333–339
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000968
Original Articles
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The study objective was to assess if insomnia, along with other factors, can impact the physical and mental quality of life (QOL) of the Lebanese general population. This cross-sectional study, conducted between November 2017 and March 2018, enrolled 756 community-dwelling participants. A first linear regression, using the SF-12 PCS score as the dependent variable, showed that having a family history of insomnia problems (β = 1.107, p = 0.026) was significantly associated with higher physical QOL (higher SF-12 PCS score), whereas increased stress (β = 0.048, p = 0.015) was significantly associated with lower physical QOL. A second linear regression, using the SF-12 MCS score as dependent variable, showed that having increased age (β = −0.079, p < 0.001) was significantly associated with lower mental QOL. Despite its cross-sectional design and the modest sample size, this study adds to the evidence that insomnia, along with other factors (including sociodemographic and psychological factors), can have a detrimental impact on both physical and mental QOL of participants.

*Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Jounieh;

INSPECT-LB: Institut National de Santé Publique, Epidémiologie Clinique et Toxicologie–Liban;

Faculty of Pharmacy, Saint-Joseph University;

§Laboratoire de Pharmacologie, Pharmacie Clinique et Contrôle de Qualité des Médicaments, Saint-Joseph University;

Drug Information Center, Order of Pharmacists in Lebanon;

School of Pharmacy, Lebanese International University, Beirut;

#Department of Life and Science, Paris Est University, Paris;

**Faculty of Pedagogy, Université de la Sainte Famille, Batroun; and

††Faculty of Medicine, and

‡‡Faculty of Pharmacy, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Souheil Hallit and Aline Hajj are first coauthors; Pascale Salameh and Rabih Hallit are last coauthors.

Send reprint requests to Souheil Hallit, PharmD, MSc, MPH, PhD, Bldg 560, St 8, 1st floor, Biakout, Lebanon. E-mail: souheilhallit@hotmail.com.

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