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Identification of Factors Affecting the Quality of Life Among Patients With Addiction in Lebanon

Hallit, Souheil, PharmD, MSc, MPH, PhD*†; Haddad, Chadia, MPH‡§; Obeid, Sahar, PhD‡∥¶; Kazour, Francois, MD, MSc‡#**††‡‡; Nabout, Rita, PhD‡‡; Darwich, Mouhamad J., MSc‡‡; Tahan, Fouad E., MD*‡‡

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: May 2019 - Volume 207 - Issue 5 - p 378–383
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000982
Original Articles
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Our objective was to assess factors associated with the physical (Short-Form 12–physical component summary [SF-12-PCS]) and mental (Short-Form 12–mental component summary [SF-12-MCS]) quality of life (QOL) in the Lebanese population. A cross-sectional study, conducted between July and September 2017, enrolled 57 patients with substance use disorder from the Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross. The SF-12 scale was used to assess the QOL among participants. A first stepwise linear regression, using the SF-12-PCS score as the dependent variable, showed that females compared with males (β = −4.86) and having a family history of substance use disorder (β = −4.70) were associated with lower physical QOL (lower SF-12-PCS scores). A second stepwise linear regression, using the SF-12-MCS score as the dependent variable, showed that having a generalized anxiety disorder (β = −10.52) and having suicidal ideation (β = −8.05) were associated with lower mental QOL (lower SF-12-MCS scores). Strategic interventions are needed to manage the health-related QOL in those with substance abuse.

*Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK), Jounieh;

INSPECT-LB: Institut National de Sante Publique, Epidemiologie Clinique et Toxicologie, Beirut;

Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross, Jal Eddib, Lebanon;

§INSERM, U1094, Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Limoges, France;

Faculty of Philosophy and Human Sciences, Holy Spirit University, Kaslik;

Faculty of Pedagogy, Lebanese University, Beirut;

#Department of Psychology, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Kaslik, Lebanon;

**INSERM U930, équipe 4 “Troubles affectifs,” Université François-Rabelais de Tours, Tours, France;

††Faculty of Medicine, Saint Joseph University; and

‡‡Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Send reprint requests to Souheil Hallit, PharmD, MSc, MPH, PhD, Building 560, Street 8, Biakout, Lebanon. E-mail: souheilhallit@hotmail.com; and Fouad E. Tahan, MD, Psychiatric Hospital of the Cross, P.O. Box 60096, Jall-Eddib, Lebanon. E-mail: drfouadtahan@gmail.com.

Souheil Hallit and Chadia Haddad are first co-authors of this article.

This work has been done in the frame of the “Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience Master 2 Program,” Faculty of Sciences, Lebanese University.

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