Secondary Logo

Institutional members access full text with Ovid®

Negative Experiences in Childhood, Parental Style, and Resilience Among People Reporting Paranormal Experiences

Parra, Alejandro, PhD

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: April 2019 - Volume 207 - Issue 4 - p 264–270
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000955
Original Articles

There are relatively few studies examining the parental style, childhood trauma, and paranormal experiences/beliefs; therefore, the aim of this study is to measure the dominant parental style of those who have experienced paranormal events and their correlation with negative events in childhood and resilience. Four questionnaires were administered to 644 participants. The results showed high frequency of experiences such as sense of presence, premonitory dreams, telepathy, mystical experiences, apparitions, and out-of-body experiences, among others. The results confirmed three hypotheses that predict a positive and significant correlation between the paranormal experiences in adult life and negative experiences in childhood, such as abuse and neglect. One possible interpretation is that “flexible” parental style is the more permissive ones (greater openness and sensitivity to capture alternative realities), in contrast to “rigid” parental style (whose perspectives generate restrictions to capitalize on the unconventional experiences of their children).

Facultad de Psicología & Relaciones Humanas, Universidad Abierta Interamericana, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Send reprint requests to Alejandro Parra, PhD, Facultad de Psicología & Relaciones Humanas, Universidad Abierta Interamericana, Salta 2015 (C1137ACQ), Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail:

Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.