Stolzenburg, Susanne Dipl-Psych*; Freitag, Simone PhD†; Evans-Lacko, Sara PhD‡; Muehlan, Holger PhD†; Schmidt, Silke PhD†; Schomerus, Georg MD*
*Department of Psychiatry, University Medicine Greifswald; †Department Health and Prevention, University Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany; and ‡Personal Social Services Research Unit, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.
Send reprint requests to Susanne Stolzenburg, Dipl-Psych, Department of Psychiatry, University of Greifswald, Ellernholzstraße 2, 17475 Greifswald, Germany. E-mail: [email protected].
Reviewing the raw data of our Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT), we noticed that we misinterpreted the polarity of the resulting D scores. The correct interpretation of the reversed D score as used in our paper is: positive values represent a stronger implicit association between “mental illness” and “normal,” whereas negative D scores represent a stronger association between “mental illness” and “different.”
This has implications for the interpretation of our results regarding implicit stigma: Stronger implicit stigma was significantly associated with more self-identification as having a mental illness in both pairwise correlation and regression analysis (controlling for potential confounders), which is a finding contrary to our initial hypothesis. The reported results regarding explicit stigma measures are not affected by this.
The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.