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The Stigma of Mental Illness as a Barrier to Self Labeling as Having a Mental Illness

Stolzenburg, Susanne Dipl-Psych*; Freitag, Simone PhD; Evans-Lacko, Sara PhD; Muehlan, Holger PhD; Schmidt, Silke PhD; Schomerus, Georg MD*

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The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: December 2017 - Volume 205 - Issue 12 - p 903-909
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000756



Reviewing the raw data of our Brief Implicit Association Test (BIAT), we noticed that we misinterpreted the polarity of the resulting D scores. The correct interpretation of the reversed D score as used in our paper is: positive values represent a stronger implicit association between “mental illness” and “normal,” whereas negative D scores represent a stronger association between “mental illness” and “different.”

This has implications for the interpretation of our results regarding implicit stigma: Stronger implicit stigma was significantly associated with more self-identification as having a mental illness in both pairwise correlation and regression analysis (controlling for potential confounders), which is a finding contrary to our initial hypothesis. The reported results regarding explicit stigma measures are not affected by this.

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 208(8):636, August 2020.

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