Original ArticlesFunctional Deficits and Aggressive Behaviors in an Inpatient Psychiatric Hospital Description and Clinical ImplicationsJones, Nicole Tuomi PhD; McGill, Amanda C. RN, BSN, MSN; Vogler, Jason E. PhD; Oxley, Stephen MDAuthor Information *Division of State-Operated Healthcare Facilities, North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Central Regional Hospital, Butner; †Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill; and ‡North Carolina Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, and Substance Abuse Services, Raleigh, NC. Send reprint requests to Nicole Tuomi Jones, PhD, Division of State-Operated Healthcare Facilities, North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, Central Regional Hospital, 300 Veazey Rd, Butner, NC 27509. E-mail: Nicole.Jones@dhhs.nc.gov. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: January 2017 - Volume 205 - Issue 1 - p 31-36 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000620 Buy Metrics Abstract The primary goals of compulsory, inpatient, psychiatric treatment are to decrease dangerous behaviors and help improve functioning so that a safe discharge to a less restrictive environment can be obtained. This study examined the aggression rates, levels of functioning, and treatment adherence for persons treated for schizophrenia (N = 506) compared with persons treated for borderline personality disorder (BPD) (N = 98) in an inpatient psychiatric facility. Over half of persons engaged in at least one incident of aggressive behavior during hospitalization. Differences in the types of aggression and functional deficits between these two clinical sub-groups were found. In addition, overall impairment increased the likelihood of aggressive behavior for persons diagnosed with schizophrenia, whereas irritability and social dependence increased the risk of aggression for persons diagnosed with BPD. Treatment interventions that target the improvement of these deficits may help reduce the intensity and severity of aggressive behaviors and help improve functioning and discharge readiness. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.