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Perceived Discrimination in Patients With Psychiatric Disorder and Turkish Migration Background in Germany

Müller, Matthias J. MD, PhD; Koch, Eckhardt MD

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: July 2016 - Volume 204 - Issue 7 - p 542–546
doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000535
Original Articles

Perceived discrimination (PD) has a negative impact on the course of psychiatric disorders. We have investigated PD in inpatients with affective or anxiety disorder and Turkish migration background (TP) or native Germans (GP). Migration-related, clinical, and sociodemographic data of n = 62 TP and n = 62 GP, matched for age, sex, and psychiatric diagnoses, were retrospectively analyzed. PD was assessed as one of 10 questions related to migration and acculturation (yes/no, severity 0–10). PD prevalence rates were compared between TP and GP; relationships of PD with other variables were analyzed using bivariate correlations and multiple regression analyses. A PD prevalence of 26% in TP and 1% in GP was found (odds ratio, 21.2 [2.7–165.8]). Migration background was the strongest predictor of PD in the total group. Within the TP sample, asylum-seeking status and migration-related distress were significantly predictive of PD. In patients with psychiatric disorder in Germany, PD seems to be strongly related to migration-related distress.

*Vitos Clinical Centre for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Giessen-Marburg; †Faculty of Medicine, University of Giessen, Giessen; and ‡Institute of European Ethnology and Cultural Studies, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Send reprint requests to Matthias J. Müller, MD, PhD, c/o Cappeler Str. 98, D-35039 Marburg, Germany. E-mail:

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