Spirituality and meaning in life are key dimensions of recovery in psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to explore spiritual meaning in life in relation to values and mental health among 175 patients with schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, bipolar disorder, and anorexia nervosa. For 26% of the patients, spirituality was essential in providing meaning in life. Depending on the diagnosis, considering spirituality as essential in life was associated with better social functioning; self-esteem; psychological and social quality of life; fewer negative symptoms; higher endorsement of values such as universalism, tradition (humility, devoutness), and benevolence (helpfulness); and a more meaningful perspective in life. These results highlight the importance of spirituality for recovery-oriented care.
*Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, University Hospitals of Geneva; †Department of Psychiatry, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; ‡Department of Emergency Psychiatry and Post-Acute Care, CHRU Montpellier; §Inserm, U1061, Université Montpellier, Montpellier; and ∥Fondamental Foundation, Foundation of Scientific Cooperation, Créteil, France.
Send reprint requests to Philippe Huguelet, MD, Division of General Psychiatry, University Hospital of Geneva, Rue du 31-Décembre 8, 1207 Geneva, Switzerland. E-mail: Philippe.firstname.lastname@example.org.