Original ArticlesAnxiety Sensitivity Among First-Time Fathers Moderates the Relationship Between Exposure to Stress During Birth and Posttraumatic Stress SymptomsZerach, Gadi PhD; Magal, Ortal MAAuthor Information Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel. Send reprint requests to Gadi Zerach, PhD, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ariel University, Kiryat Ha’Mada 1, Ariel, 40700, Israel. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: May 2016 - Volume 204 - Issue 5 - p 381-387 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000482 Buy Metrics Abstract This longitudinal study examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety symptoms among men attending the birth of their first offspring. Furthermore, we examined the moderating role of anxiety sensitivity (AS) and intolerance of uncertainty in the association between exposure to stress during birth and PTSD and anxiety symptoms. Participants were Israeli men (n = 171) who were assessed with self-report questionnaires during the third trimester of pregnancy (T1) and approximately a month following birth (T2). Results show that the rates of postnatal PTSD and anxiety symptoms were relatively low. Subjective exposure to stress during birth and AS predicted PTSD in T2, above and beyond other negative life events and PTSD in T1. In addition, AS moderated the relations between subjective exposure to stress during birth and PTSD symptoms. Pregnancy and childbirth professionals may benefit from the insight that men with high levels of AS might experience childbirth as a highly stressful situation with possible posttraumatic stress symptoms. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.