Brief ReportsThe Potential Efficacy of Psychological First Aid on Self-Reported Anxiety and Mood A Pilot StudyEverly, George S. Jr PhD, ABPP, FAPM, FAPA; Lating, Jeffrey M. PhD; Sherman, Martin F. PhD; Goncher, Ian PsyDAuthor Information *The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; †Loyola University Maryland, Baltimore; and ‡Department of Behavioral Health, Pediatric Care Specialists, Johnstown, PA. Send reprint requests to Jeffrey M. Lating, PhD, Loyola University Maryland, 4501 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21210. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: March 2016 - Volume 204 - Issue 3 - p 233-235 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000429 Buy Erratum Metrics Abstract The authors explored the efficacy of a randomized controlled trial to assess the potential benefits of psychological first aid (PFA) compared with a social acknowledgement condition in a sample of 42 participants who spoke about a stressful life event. Demographics and standardized questionnaires, including the state version of the State Trait Anxiety Inventory Scale and the Brief Profile of Mood States, assessed anxiety and mood state. Those in the PFA group evidenced significantly lower anxiety scores at 30-minute postdisclosure than at baseline and, although not significant, showed lowered distressed mood compared with baseline at 30-minute postdisclosure. Those in the social acknowledgment condition evidenced increases in anxiety and distressed mood scores, albeit not significantly, at 30 minutes post disclosure compared with their baseline scores. These results provide preliminary empirical evidence for the efficacy of PFA, and implications for intervention and additional assessment are suggested. Erratum In the article by Everly et al in the March 2016 issue of a transposition error occurred in Table 1. The POMS means for baseline, end of disclosure, and 30 min post disclosure for the PFA and Social Acknowledgement conditions are incorrect. The corrected content is noted below. The analyses reported in the article were done with the correct means, so the results and discussion sections are accurate. 5+ images The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 206(4):301, April 2018. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.