Original ArticlesGroup Therapy With Male Asylum Seekers and Refugees With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Controlled Comparison Cohort Study of Three Day-Treatment ProgramsDrožđek, Boris MD, MA*; Kamperman, Astrid M. PhD†; Bolwerk, Nina MSc‡; Tol, Wietse A. PhD§; Kleber, Rolf J. PhD∥Author Information *Psychotrauma Centrum Zuid Nederland, Reinier van Arkel groep, Den Bosch; †O3 Mental Health Care Research, Department of Psychiatry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam; ‡QS Gezondheidsmanagement, Utrecht-De Meern, the Netherlands; §Global Health Initiative, Yale University, New Haven, CT; and ∥Department of Clinical & Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands. The first author had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Send reprint requests to Boris Drožđek, MD, MA, Psychotrauma Centrum Zuid Nederland/Reinier van Arkel groep, Bethaniestraat 10, 5211 LJ Den Bosch, the Netherlands. E-mail: email@example.com. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: September 2012 - Volume 200 - Issue 9 - p 758-765 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e318266f860 Buy Metrics Abstract Studies on group treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in asylum seekers and refugees are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three different trauma-focused day-treatment group programs for treatment of PTSD in male asylum seekers and refugees. Three treatment groups (n = 56) and a waitlisted control group (n = 16) of help-seeking Iranian and Afghani patients were assessed with a set of self-rated symptom checklists for PTSD, anxiety, depression, and psychoticism 1 week before and 2 weeks after treatment. There are no indications that the 2 days’ group program with three nonverbal and two group psychotherapy sessions per week is less effective in reducing symptoms than the program with the same amount of sessions spread over 3 days per week. The trauma-focused day-treatment group seems a promising approach for treatment of PTSD among asylum seekers and refugees in industrialized settings. © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.