Original ArticlesSymptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Urban ResidentsParto, Jacklyn A. BS*; Evans, Michele K. MD†; Zonderman, Alan B. PhD*Author Information *Laboratory of Personality and Cognition and †Clinical Research Branch, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD. This research was supported entirely by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging. Send reprint requests to Jacklyn A. Parto, BS, Suite 100 Room 04B330, 251 Bayview Blvd. Baltimore, MD 21224. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: July 2011 - Volume 199 - Issue 7 - p 436-439 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3182214154 Buy Metrics Abstract Previous studies indicate a high risk of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among women and low-income, urban-residing African-Americans. This study examined PTSD symptoms among urban-residing, socioeconomically diverse, working-age African-Americans and whites. The participants completed the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version. Of the 2104 participants, 268 (12.7%) were screened positive for PTSD symptoms. Women (13.8%) were more likely than men (11.3%), white participants (13.8%) were more likely than African-Americans (11.9%), and younger participants (16.1%) were more likely than older participants (10.2%) to screen positive for PTSD symptoms. A significant interaction (p = 0.05) revealed that white women living below the 125% poverty level were most likely to report PTSD symptoms. These findings highlight the importance of PTSD screening in low-income urban neighborhoods. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.