Brief ReportsPosttraumatic Stress Disorder and Dementia in Holocaust SurvivorsSperling, Wolfgang MD; Kreil, Sebastian Konstantin MD; Biermann, Teresa MDAuthor Information Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany. W.S. and S.K.K. equally contributed for this study. Send reprint requests to Wolfgang Sperling, MD, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, Schwabachanlage 6, D-91054 Erlangen, Germany. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: March 2011 - Volume 199 - Issue 3 - p 196-198 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31820c71e0 Buy Metrics Abstract The incidence of mental and somatic sequelae has been shown to be very high in the group of people damaged by the Holocaust. Within the context of internal research, 93 Holocaust survivors suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder have been examined. Patients suffered on average from 4.5 (standard deviation ± 1.8) somatic diagnoses as well as 1.8 (standard deviation ± 0.5) psychiatric diagnoses. A diagnosis of dementia was ascertained according to ICD-10 criteria in 14%. Vascular dementia (66%) dominated over Alzheimer's dementia (23%) and other subtypes (11%). © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.