Original ArticleAtaques de Nervios and their Psychiatric Correlates in Puerto Rican Children From Two Different ContextsLópez, Irene PhD*; Rivera, Fernando PhD†; Ramirez, Rafael PhD‡; Guarnaccia, Peter J. PhD§; Canino, Glorisa PhD‡; Bird, Héctor R. MD¶Author Information *Department of Psychology, Kenyon College, Gambier, OH; †Department of Sociology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL; ‡Behavioral Sciences Research Institute, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, Rio Pedras, Puerto Rico; §Institute for Health, Health Care Policy and Aging Research, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ; and ¶Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, NY. Supported by the following National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Grants: the UPR/CHA Exploratory EXPORT Center: Bridging Communities (MD000537-03), the Research Training in Transitions, Family and Mental Health Grant (MH019734), and the Mental Health Services and Systems Training Program Grant (MH016242-27). Data for this study were obtained from the Boricua Youth Study (RO-1 MH56401). Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the NIMH Latino Mental Health Conference (2006) and the Family Research Consortium IV Conference (2005). Send reprint requests to Irene López, PhD, Department of Psychology, Kenyon College, Samuel Mather Hall (SMA 302), Gambier, OH 43022. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: December 2009 - Volume 197 - Issue 12 - p 923-929 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181c2997d Buy Metrics Abstract Among Latino adults and children, ataques de nervios has been associated with an array of psychiatric disorders. Using data from a probability sample of Puerto Rican children, aged 5 to 13 years (N = 2491), we assessed the lifetime prevalence and psychiatric correlates of ataques in youth residing in the South Bronx, New York and San Juan, Puerto Rico. Baseline site comparisons indicated that between 4% and 5% of children had a lifetime prevalence of ataques (either by child or parent report) and that ataques were associated with greater global impairment and a host of childhood disorders within the previous twelve months. Ataques were also correlated with greater exposure to violence, as well as more stressful life events for the South Bronx sample. After controlling for several covariates, ataques continued to be significantly associated with psychopathology. Ataques are, therefore, a significant correlate of global impairment and childhood psychopathology among Puerto Rican youth. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.