Original ArticleAttentional Bias and Symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder One Year After Burn InjurySveen, Josefin MSc; Dyster-Aas, Johan MD, PhD; Willebrand, Mimmie PhDAuthor Information Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. Supported by the Swedish Research Council, the Söderström-Königska Foundation, the Vårdal Foundation, and the Thuring Foundation. Send reprint requests to Mimmie Willebrand, PhD, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: November 2009 - Volume 197 - Issue 11 - p 850-855 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181bea555 Buy Metrics Abstract Trauma-related attentional bias is suggested to play a role in maintaining posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although being burn injured is a traumatic event for many patients, there are no prospective studies investigating attentional bias. The aims were to assess burn-specific attentional bias 1 year after burn, and its associations with risk factors for PTSD and symptoms of PTSD. A total of 38 adult patients with burns were assessed with a structured clinical interview and a Swedish version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised up to 1-year after burn. The Emotional Stroop Task was used to assess attentional bias 1 year after burn. In total 29 participants displayed burn-specific attentional bias. This group had more previous life events, perceived life threat, larger burns, and higher PTSD symptom severity. In conclusion, the majority of the patients had burn-specific attentional bias 1 year after burn and this was related to symptoms of PTSD. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.