Original ArticlesSelf-Stigma in Women With Borderline Personality Disorder and Women With Social PhobiaRüsch, Nicolas MD*; Hölzer, Aurelia BSc*; Hermann, Christiane PhD†; Schramm, Elisabeth PhD*; Jacob, Gitta A. PhD*; Bohus, Martin MD‡; Lieb, Klaus MD*; Corrigan, Patrick W. PsyD§ Author Information *Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Germany; †Department of Neuropsychology, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany; ‡Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany; and §Joint Center for Psychiatric Rehabilitation at the Illinois Institute of Technology, and Chicago Consortium for Stigma Research, Chicago, Illinois. Send reprint requests to Nicolas Rüsch, MD, Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Hauptstraβe 5, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany. E-mail: [email protected]. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: October 2006 - Volume 194 - Issue 10 - p 766-773 doi: 10.1097/01.nmd.0000239898.48701.dc Buy Metrics Abstract Little is known about how women with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and women with social phobia react to mental illness stigma. The goal of this study was to assess empirically self-stigma and its correlates in these groups. Self-stigma and related constructs were measured by self-report questionnaires among 60 women with BPD and 30 women with social phobia. Self-stigma was inversely related to self-esteem, self-efficacy, and quality of life and predicted low self-esteem after controlling for depression and shame-proneness. Stereotype awareness was not significantly correlated with self-esteem or quality of life. While there was no difference in stereotype awareness between women with BPD and women with social phobia, women with BPD showed higher self-stigma than women with social phobia. Self-stigma is associated with low self-esteem and other indices of poor psychological well-being. In comparison to women with social phobia, women with BPD suffer from more self-stigma. This may reflect intense labeling processes as being mentally ill due to repeated hospitalizations, frequent interpersonal difficulties, and visible scars. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.