Original ArticlesAnticipatory Stress in the Population Facing Forced Removal From the Gaza StripBillig, Miriam PhD*†; Kohn, Robert MD‡; Levav, Itzhak MD§Author Information *College of Judea and Samaria, Ariel, Israel; †Floersheimer Institute for Social Policy, Jerusalem, Israel; ‡Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island; and §Mental Health Services, Ministry of Health, Jerusalem, Israel. Supported by Butler Hospital. Send reprint requests to Itzhak Levav, MD, Mental Health Services, Ministry of Health, Israel, 29 Rivka Street, Jerusalem, Israel. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: March 2006 - Volume 194 - Issue 3 - p 195-200 doi: 10.1097/01.nmd.0000202489.78194.8d Buy Metrics Abstract The Israeli government decided in March 2005 to remove the settlers of the Gaza Strip, a process known as “disengagement.” One person per household residing in 13 settlements was randomly selected for a telephone interview that included the Demoralization Scale of the Psychiatric Epidemiology Research Interview. Women respondents and those with fewer years of education, higher risk perception, greater alienation from government, poorer perceived health, no social support outside the West Bank or Gaza, worse religious coping, and residence in a secular settlement had enhanced risk for higher emotional distress. Positive current satisfaction with life was associated with greater place attachment, less risk perception, stronger ideological stand, less feeling of alienation from the government, a more positive view of the future, and plans to return to Gaza. This population, as others in transitional states, may be at risk for emotional distress compared with some but not all stable Israeli groups. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.