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The Relationship Between Psychological and Somatoform Dissociation in the General Population

Maaranen, Päivi MD; Tanskanen, Antti MD; Haatainen, Kaisa PhD; Honkalampi, Kirsi PhD; Koivumaa-Honkanen, Heli MD; Hintikka, Jukka MD; Viinamäki, Heimo MD

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: October 2005 - Volume 193 - Issue 10 - p 690-692
doi: 10.1097/01.nmd.0000181353.69821.44
Brief Reports

We assessed psychological and somatoform dissociation and their relationships in the general population. The study questionnaires included the Dissociative Experiences Scale, the Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory, and background characteristics. Four study groups were formed: subjects with low dissociation scores (N = 1334), with high psychological dissociation (N = 93), with high somatoform dissociation (N = 93), and with high psychological and somatoform dissociation (N = 65). Those with high psychological and somatoform dissociation differed clearly from the other groups. They had depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, a reduced working ability, a poor financial situation, poor general health, and inadequate social support more frequently than subjects in the other groups. Thus, a considerable amount of ill health was recorded in this group.

Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

Send reprint requests to Päivi Maaranen, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Julkula Hospital, Puijonsarventie 40, FIN-70260 Kuopio, Finland.

© 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.