Two 6-week self-experiential treatment programs deemed to effect direct modification of the self-concept and improve psychiatric adjustment of the chronic schizophrenic were developed and implemented. These two programs focused on: a) physical sense of identity; and b) emotional expression and recognition in conjunction with videotape feedback.
The results revealed that self-experiential treatment did not result in a positive change in self-concept and psychiatric adjustment when compared to social interaction treatment which served as a control condition.
The findings also indicated that the manner in which videotape, feedback is presented is a crucial determinant in assessing its effects upon the individual. It was suggested that consideration should be directed toward helping the patient initially deal with his perceptions and feelings as generated by self-confrontation procedures. Subsequent efforts could then be directed toward restructuring his self-perceptions in accord with reality.