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Impact of Psychological Empowerment on Workplace Bullying and Intent to Leave

Hampton, Debra, PhD, FACHE, RN, NEA-BC, CENP; Rayens, Mary Kay, PhD

JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration: April 2019 - Volume 49 - Issue 4 - p 179–185
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000735

OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to understand the association of psychological empowerment (PE) with workplace bullying and intent to leave among nurse leaders.

BACKGROUND Nurse leaders who experience bullying cope in varied ways. Some leaders have higher levels of empowerment and resilience, whereas others are more negatively impacted by bullying.

METHODS This study used a descriptive, cross-sectional survey design. Instruments used in the study included 2 PE tools: a bullying instrument and an intent-to-leave tool. The analysis tested for bivariate correlations and used analysis of variance to discern differences among nurse leaders.

RESULTS PE was negatively correlated with both bullying and intent to leave. Chief nursing officers and directors had significantly higher PE than did nurse managers, but there was no significant difference in intent to leave among the leader groups.

CONCLUSIONS PE may help protect against the impact of bullying. Continued development of leaders to strengthen their PE is needed.

Author Affiliation: Academic Program Coordinator of the Executive Leadership and MSN to DNP Programs and Assistant Professor (Dr. Hampton) and Professor (Dr Rayens), the University of Kentucky College of Nursing, Lexington.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Hampton, 751 Rose St, Lexington, KY 40536 (

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