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The Incidence of Workplace Bullying and Related Environmental Factors Among Nurse Managers

Parchment, Joy, PhD, RN, NE-BC; Andrews, Diane, PhD, RN

JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration: March 2019 - Volume 49 - Issue 3 - p 132–137
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000726

OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to explore relationships between authentic leadership style, global social power, job demand, job control, and workplace bullying of nurse managers in acute care settings across the United States.

BACKGROUND Consequences of workplace bullying are linked to intent to leave, turnover, and harmful emotional and physical effects.

METHODS An explorative, descriptive, cross-sectional design using an online survey was utilized.

RESULTS Thirty-five percent of nurse managers reported being a target of workplace bullying with severity levels ranging from occasional to severe. Executive nurse leaders were identified as the primary perpetrator with the downward direction recognized as most prominent.

CONCLUSIONS Nurse managers are recipients of workplace bullying emanating from executive nurse leaders, clinical nurses, and their nurse manager peers.

Author Affiliations: Director (Dr Parchment), Nursing Strategy Implementation and Magnet® Program, Orlando Health, Florida; Associate Professor (Dr Andrews), University of Central Florida, College of Nursing, Orlando.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

The study was funded by the Florida Nurses Foundation Evelyn Frank McKnight and Freida Norton Research Funds, the Florida Organization of Nurse Executives Research Fund, and the University of Central Florida Knightingale Scholar Fund.

Correspondence: Dr Parchment, Nursing Strategy Implementation and Magnet® Program, Orlando Health, 1414 Kuhl Ave, MP161, Orlando, FL 32806 (

Copyright © 2019 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.