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Staff Nurses’ Perceptions of Their Nurse Managers’ Transformational Leadership Behaviors and Their Own Structural Empowerment

Khan, Bernadette P., DNP, RN, NEA-BC; Quinn Griffin, Mary T., PhD, RN, FAAN; Fitzpatrick, Joyce J., PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN

Journal of Nursing Administration: December 2018 - Volume 48 - Issue 12 - p 609–614
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000690
Articles

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate staff nurses’ perception of their nurse managers’ transformational leadership behaviors and their own structural empowerment.

BACKGROUND Transformational leadership behaviors in nurse managers have been linked to increased staff nurse satisfaction and decreased turnover and burnout. Perception of nurse managers’ leadership behaviors by staff nurses and the relationship to the staff nurses’ structural empowerment is important to advance our understanding of the leadership role of nurse managers.

METHODS A descriptive correlational design was used to examine the relationship between staff nurses’ perception of their nurse managers’ transformational leadership behaviors and their own structural empowerment. Staff nurses at a conference were offered an opportunity to participate in the study.

RESULTS The transformational leadership behaviors of nurse managers were moderately correlated to staff nurses’ structural empowerment. Transactional leadership behaviors were associated with staff nurses’ structural empowerment to a lesser degree.

CONCLUSION Nurses who perceived their nurse managers as demonstrating transformational leadership behaviors experienced higher structural empowerment.

Author Affiliations: Vice President and Chief Nursing Officer (Dr Khan), New York Presbyterian/Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital; Professor (Dr Quinn Griffin); Elizabeth Brooks Ford Professor in Nursing (Dr Fitzpatrick), Case Western Reserve University, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Cleveland Ohio.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Khan, New York Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children’s Hospital, 3959 Broadway, New York, NY 10032 (jjfitzpatrick@hotmail.com).

Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.