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Transformational Leadership Practices and Work Engagement Among Nurse Leaders

Shaughnessy, Marian K., DNP, MSN, RN; Quinn Griffin, Mary T., PhD, RN, FAAN; Bhattacharya, Anand, MHS; Fitzpatrick, Joyce J., PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN

Journal of Nursing Administration: November 2018 - Volume 48 - Issue 11 - p 574–579
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000682
Articles

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to develop better understanding of the leadership characteristics of clinical nurse leaders.

BACKGROUND Transformational leaders are the essential to support nursing in taking control of patient and family care coordination. One prior study of leadership and work engagement among clinical nurse leaders was identified.

METHODS This descriptive correlational study explored the relationship between transformational leadership practices and work engagement among nurse leaders in the United States. Sample consisted of clinical nursing leaders attending the 2016 Magnet® Conference.

RESULTS A significant positive relationship was identified between leadership practices and work engagement. Differences were noted in areas of select leadership practices and work engagement among nurse leaders based on different levels of education. Nurse leaders underperform in inspiring a shared vision, support for innovation, and taking risks, while also showing relatively weak levels of engagement in areas of vigor and absorption.

CONCLUSION There is a need for additional research to better understand the characteristics of clinical nurse leaders to promote the principles of transformational leadership.

Author Affiliations: Adjunct Faculty (Dr Shaughnessy) and Professor (Dr Quinn Griffin and Dr. Fitzpatrick), Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio; Program Director (Mr Bhattacharya), Nurse Excellence and Quality, New York Presbyterian Hospital.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Fitzpatrick, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106 (jjf4@case.edu).

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