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The Influence of Psychological Capital and Work Engagement on Intention to Remain of New Graduate Nurses

Kim, Kyoung Ja, PhD, RN; Yoo, Moon Sook, PhD, RN

JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration: September 2018 - Volume 48 - Issue 9 - p 459–465
doi: 10.1097/NNA.0000000000000649

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to explore the influence of new graduate nurses' psychological capital (PsyCap) and work engagement (WE) on their intention to remain in nursing.

BACKGROUND New graduate nurses experience stressful work environments, emotional exhaustion, and burnout. Positive psychological resources, such as PsyCap and WE, may promote the retention of new graduate nurses.

METHODS A cross-sectional survey design was used. A structured questionnaire was answered by 156 new graduate nurses working at 2 tertiary hospitals and 1 university hospital in South Korea.

RESULTS The intention to remain among new graduate nurses was correlated significantly with PsyCap and WE. A hierarchical regression of intention to remain against general characteristics, PsyCap, and WE explained 33.5% of intention to remain of new graduate nurses. Psychological capital and WE were influential in new graduate nurses' intention to remain.

CONCLUSIONS Organizational attention is needed to foster PsyCap and WE to strengthen new graduate nurses' intention to remain in nursing.

Author Affiliations: Assistant Professor (Dr Kim), Department of Nursing, Hannam University, Deajeon; and Professor (Dr Yoo), College of Nursing, Institute of Nursing Research, Ajou University, Suwon, South Korea.

This research was supported by a 2016 grant from the College of Nursing Science, Graduate School, Ajou University.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Correspondence: Dr Yoo, Ajou University, 206 Worldcup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon 16499, South Korea (

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